Tuesday, January 14, 2014

Sunny 16 rule

Sunny 16 is a rule to get correct exposure. if you use a fully manual camera (film) then this rule is a must know. Instead of repeating what others on the net has already explained let me just copy and paste it here. This is taken from http://www.slrlounge.com/photography-essentials-the-sunny-16-rule , all credits goes to them. This is a good read.



The Sunny 16 Rule is a way to meter for correct exposure during daylight without using the camera’s meter.
The basic rule of thumb states that if you have a clear, sunny day and your aperture is at f/16, whatever ISO you are using, your shutter speed will be the reciprocal value of that ISO value (ISO X = 1/X seconds shutter speed)
So for example, if your ISO is 200 at f/16, then your shutter speed will be 1/200 seconds. If your ISO is 100, then your shutter speed will be 1/100 seconds.
Simple, right?


Ok, so now that we have f/16 out of the way, how can we use the Sunny 16 Rule to calculate shutter speed values with other aperture values?
If you recall from my tutorial on exposure, you may remember that aperture, shutter speed, and ISO make up the three-way balancing act in determining exposure. So the way this works is that if you increase/decrease one variable, you have to increase/decrease at one of the other variables in order to keep the exposure the same. If one factor goes up by one stop, another factor should go down by one stop, and vice versa.
So let’s say that your aperture is f/16, your ISO is 200 and your shutter speed is 1/200. If you want to open up your aperture by a stop by going from f/16 to f/11, then you have to go down a stop in either your shutter speed to 1/400 sec or ISO to ISO100.
So here’s a quick run-down of what shutter speed that you will need if you open up your aperture one stop at a time. The ISO is kept at ISO200.

Change in ApertureStop DifferenceChange in ShutterStop Difference
f/1601/200 @ISO2000
f/11+1 stop1/400 @ ISO200-1 stop
f/8+2 stops1/800 @ISO200-2 stops
f/5.6+3 stops1/1600 @ ISO200-3 stops
f/4+4 stops1/3200 @ISO200-4 stops
f/2.8+5 stops1/6400 @ISO200-5 stops


First of all, the Sunny 16 Rule is a good way to check if your camera is spot on with exposure or does it consistently under or over expose. Some cameras have a tendency to slightly under expose, and this is a good way to test that camera.
Additionally, unlike the camera metering system, the Sunny 16 Rule is based on incident light instead of reflected light, which means that it’s based on the brightness of the light only, and not how the light that is being reflected off the subject and into the camera.
I wrote an extensive test on the advantages of incident light metering versus reflected metering before, but to sum it up, incident light metering cannot be fooled by very light or very dark clothing and very light or dark background. So as a quick example, a bride’s white wedding dress can throw off a camera’s reflected light metering the more and more of that dress fills the frame.
So the Sunny 16 Rule is can help you double check your camera’s metering to make sure it’s not getting thrown off.
That’s all there is to it for the Sunny 16 Rule! It’s another good tool to have in your photography knowledge bag.

i also found exposure mat, go here http://expomat.tripod.com/ It is based on Sunny 16 rule. 

And also there's an iphone app

and this one is for free

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